Sunday, July 28, 2013

Making the SP4Ed course feed work for you

Try our new feature to mark notes as favourites. Ensure that the notes you like are secured a place in the list of popular recent notes. The current  list of popular recent notes is displayed on the course homepage.   You will need to login to WikiEducator to use this feature. 

We are trialling a new feature during SP4Ed 13.07 providing students the ability to mark notes in the aggregated feed as their favourites. As a prototype feature, this may not work on all mobile devices during the testing phase. However, you should be able to vote when logged in to WikiEducator using a desktop computer or notebook. Login to WikiEducator and click on the "star" to favourite a note. 

In addition to marking your favourite posts there are a few other features which will assist you in navigating to the original posts so that you can reply and comment using the original source technology.  In most cases, you will need to login to reply to the original post.  The graphic below highlights key links you can use in making the SP4Ed feed work better for you. 

Friday, May 31, 2013

OERu's incremental design for sustainable mOOCs

The pilot offering of the Scenario Planning for Educators (SP4Ed) online workshop is the outcome of scenario-based thinking bolstered by the OER Foundation's commitment to incremental and agile design.  We are well on track to achieving a fiscally sustainable and scalable OERu collaboration.   

Judging by the media frenzy last year, largely driven by reporters in North America, 2012 could be labelled the "year of the MOOC".

Day of the MOOC Poster by David Kernohan
for the DS106 Horror of MOOCs assignment.
Remixed as an animated gif by Michael Branson Smith 

Using scenario planning to navigate the xMOOC phenomenon 

Vice Chancellors and Chief Executive Officers of tertiary education institutions around the world are coming under increased pressure from their respective governing bodies and stakeholders to answer the question: What are we doing about MOOCs?  Scenario planning is a tool which could assist executive leaders in answering this question. As a small non-profit, I have used scenario thinking extensively in guiding our strategic innovation decisions for the OER Foundation to establish a sustainable and scalable OER university collaboration.

For example, the OERu is a real-world example of the quality branded consortia scenario of the DEANZ 2016 scenario set. The self-determination DEANZ scenario provides a framework which is informing strategic thinking of the OERu's increased focus on micro Open Online Courses (mOOCs) because this delivery format will facilitate learner-driven customisation of OERu offerings leading to pathways for formal accreditation. (In this context micro does not refer to size, but rather a subcomponent of the learning outcomes of a full course.)

The funding and operational model of the OERu network has drawn on conceptual scenarios I have constructed, for instance, where the commercial MOOC startups gain considerable market share giving rise to the question: How will the OERu network and its member institutions retain competitive advantage? (The answer to this question is relatively easy. As the OERu will base all our courses solely on OERs, the "competition" will not be able to replicate our cost structures using a closed-content model. The only viable response for the competition will be "if you can't beat them, join them" which would force systemic growth and mainstream adoption of open education models in the formal sector thus helping the OER Foundation realise its core philanthropic mission. A textbook win-win solution.)

As we begin to reflect on the major uncertainties facing the future of higher education in the during our pilot  Scenario Planning for Educators (SP4Ed) online workshop, it is noteworthy that a number of the  international thought leaders who we invited to share their views on the fundamental drivers of change for the future of education have included uncertainties associated with MOOC-like delivery in their video signposts.

Terry Anderson, for example, considers how the Internet has facilitated radical reductions in the cost of production and dissemination of resources to support student-content interactions and references the challenge questions associated with the "deskilling" of the academy and the growing reluctance among learners and employers to rely on traditional models of assessment for authentication of learning. Sir John Daniel, for instance, confirms that OER is a certainty but suggests that MOOCs are an uncertainty remarking on the current herd behaviour of higher education institutions joining the MOOC phenomenon in the absence of an obvious way for institutions to cover the costs of development.

Clearly, fiscal sustainability is a key issue for open education futures.

Incremental design to bootstrap a fiscally sustainable OERu innovation. 

The OER Foundation has adopted an incremental and agile design approach to ensure a fiscally sustainable OERu collaboration for the future.  We have bootstrapped the project from the bottom-up avoiding the challenges of having to recoup significant deficits (or figure out how to repay venture capital investments).  

At the recent annual meeting of the Board of the OER Foundation, I was able to report that we're well on track to achieving a sustainable and scalable OERu international collaboration.  We have achieved 60% of the contributing members required for the breakeven threshold. Furthermore,  I'm reasonably confident that we have sourced adequate transition funding for the next two years which will provide us with the time to recruit the additional 15 anchor partners needed for a self-sustaining OERu collaboration without reliance on third-party funding.  This is the point where the OERu collaboration will scale because we will be able to commission the paid development of OERu courses for the benefit of our contributing members. This also means that our OERu partners will not be required to contribute more than two courses to the network. Scenario planning has contributed to achieving a fiscally sustainable and scalable solution. 

We have also leveraged our learn-by-doing philosophy to assist with the development of the OERu delivery model. In February 2007, the WikiEducator community with support from the Commonwealth of Learning hosted the pilot Learning4Content (L4C) open online course. This L4C pilot was distinctive because: 
  1. it used an open wiki design model for its development,
  2. registration was both free and open,
  3. it was presented entirely online,
  4. was based solely on OERs and
  5. was designed to scale for large numbers of learners. 
To date, the  L4C initiative has offered free online training opportunities for thousands of learners in more than 130 different countries.  It is interesting to note that this L4C open online workshop pre-dated the first Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) facilitated by Siemens and Downes at the Extended Education and Learning Technologies Centre of the University of Manitoba during the fall of 2008 in Canada.  That said, we did not set out to pioneer massive online courses other than designing the delivery model for scalability based on OER resources.

Over the past six years, the WikiEducator community and OERF has gained valuable experience in refining open design models, pedagogical approaches and supporting technologies for delivering open online courses.  For example, the OERF developed a another open online course called Open Content Licensing for Educators (OCL4Ed) with funding support from the UNESCO Office for the Pacific States. OCL4Ed is an open online course designed for educators and students who want to learn more about OER, copyright, and Creative Commons licenses. During 2012, we hosted three OCL4Ed workshops registering approximately 2000 students from +90 different countries.  This experience was used to inform the development of the current SP4Ed course where we have further refined our technologies and designed the structure of the course for the next incremental step, namely the implementation of micro-credentials for mOOCs. These micro-credentials will map to the specified learning outcomes of approved university courses, which simplifies the next step leading towards formal accreditation for mOOCs.  

During the 2nd semester in the southern hemisphere, Otago Polytechnic will pilot two or three mOOCs for micro-credentials leading to formal certification of the course elective: Open Education Practice of the Graduate Diploma in Tertiary Education. This will be the first credential to be offered by the OERu network.      

Incremental design, combined with the OER Foundation's  philosophy of open philanthropy and a healthy dose of scenario thinking has helped us towards achieving a fiscally sustainable and scalable OERu. We are committed to shifting the question from "How do you achieve a sustainable OER project?" to "How will your organisation remain sustainable without OER?"  

This is smart philanthropy. Using OER we can widen access to more affordable education futures for all students worldwide founded on our member institutions' agendas for social inclusion with opportunities for diversifying  revenue models to sustain OER futures. The OERu is low risk, low cost but high impact innovation!


Thursday, May 23, 2013

Wayne's reflections on Session 1 of SP4Ed

Mirror to the Sky by Alosh Bennett, CC-BY
I've created this blog for the pilot offering of SP4Ed to document and share my reflections on facilitating this course. I will use these notes to assist with our evaluation of the pilot and refining future iterations of SP4Ed.

Session 1 of the course deals with establishing a personal learning environment.

Trialling a new registration process 

An open online course should not require registration in order to access the learning materials. All OERu courses are based solely on OERs and we host these on WikiEducator to ensure unrestricted access to the learning materials without the need to register for a course. 

Course registration is optional and primarily used for those learners who want to receive email notifications of the course announcements.  In previous open online courses offered by the OER Foundation we used an open source learning management system for registration to receive course announcements. This was cumbersome because learners were required to create multiple accounts, for instance: WikiEducator (e.g. to post micronotes via WikiEducator); Our Moodle learning management system (for email notification of the course announcements); and Ask.oeruniversity for our community based question and answer forum.  Moreover, registering for a course on Moodle was a two step process of creating an account and then enrolling for the course by clicking on another link. In the past, many participants missed the second step of the registration process. 

Jim Tittsler, our Lead Software Engineer at the OER Foundation has implemented an innovative solution which we are trialling for SP4Ed 13-05. In short we are now using the WikiEducator engine for registration and generating course announcements. Jim has created a widget which displays a web form for registration purposes tracking country data we need for reporting to our donors. Users first create an account on WikiEducator and then compete the widget registration form. 

This registration process creates a new course subpage from the relevant user page and inserts a dashboard template, currently used for displaying a copy of the course schedule. (See for example my personal SP4Ed 13-05 dashboard). I'm sure we will be able to think of more innovative uses for the course dashboard in the future. Any ideas?

We now have the ability to generate course announcements from wiki pages. 

How is the new registration process working

From a facilitator's perspective, the new process is an order of magnitude better than what we were using before. Thanks Jim! Far fewer emails in my inbox trying to get course registrations sorted :-). As of writing this blog post, 42 participants have registered successfully. 

 A few minor tweaks to think about for the future:
  • One participant was unable to register on their first try.  This was a local browser issue. I suggest that we create a registration help page in the wiki which documents commons registration problems.  Perhaps we can include a help link on the registration widget to this page. 
  • Another participant mentioned that after repeated trials he realised that he needed to first create a WikiEducator account before registering. Notwithstanding our instructions to first create a wiki account and corresponding footnote to the same effect in the widget, this participant missed this information. Perhaps we should move the note about creating an account above the name field in the widget  so this is the first thing a new participant will read. 
  • One participant mentioned that he didn't realise the course would be using blogs and that we shouldn't be requesting the blog url until providing instructions on creating the blog later in the course.  42 percent of the participants registered their blogs on the first registration. This figure may be unusually high given that the many of the volunteers who are assisting with providing feedback on this pilot are seasoned bloggers and open course participants. We set up a Google form for those participants who did not provide a blog url when first registering for the course.  In the future, it would be great to have a widget on the course dashboard page where participants can register and/or edit their blog urls for the course feed. We need to achieve a self-help and automated system for dealing with the administration of blog urls, especially for open courses with large enrolments. 
  • We've also observed that a few participants have not registered the public url for their blogs inadvertently using the url for managing and authoring blog posts. Again, we should consider developing a help resource which deals with blog posts which are not appearing in the aggregated feed.      
All up I'm very happy with the start of our SP4Ed pilot -- the technology is working and am looking forward to starting with the real scenario planning content.